Law-related Emond titles follow the McGill Law Journal’s Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation, 8th edition [McGill] reference system. Titles in the social sciences use APA. Emond’s house style follows the Canadian Oxford Dictionary, 2nd edition for spellings, abbreviations, and hyphenation.

Quick Links

McGill: Examples and Applications

Case Citations

Number Ranges


McGill with Footnotes

Used in College and Practice/Professional titles.

Sample Footnotes List

McGill in Casebooks

Most casebooks don’t use footnotes; McGill-style references are incorporated into the text.


Most cases and legislation are freely available on CanLII and include the title, citation, and full text.