Print

Canadian and US Abbreviations

 

Canada

The following table lists the abbreviations of Canadian provinces and territories that are used in neutral citation standard citations, court citations, McGill bibliographic citations, and APA/Chicago bibliographic citations.

Note: Newfoundland became Newfoundland and Labrador as of December 6, 2001.

Province/Territory Neutral McGill (Courts and Journals) APA/Chicago
Alberta AB Alta AB
British Columbia BC BC BC
Manitoba MB Man MB
New Brunswick NB NB NB
Newfoundland** NF Nfld NF
Newfoundland and Labrador NL NL NL
Northwest Territories NWT NWT NT
Nova Scotia NS NS NS
Nunavut NU Nu NU
Ontario ON Ont ON
Prince Edward Island PE PEI PE
Quebec QC Qc (Courts) or Q (Journals) QC
Saskatchewan SK Sask SK
Yukon YK Y YT
* APA/Chicago style includes a period in abbreviations that combine uppercase and lowercase letters.
** Until December 6, 2001.

United States

The following table lists the abbreviations of US states that are used in McGill legal and bibliographic citations and, where the form differs, those used in APA/Chicago bibliographic and Bluebook legal citations.

State McGill APA/Chicago Bluebook
Alabama Ala AL Ala.
Alaska Alaska AK Alaska
Arizona Ariz AZ Ariz.
Arkansas Ark AR Ark.
California Cal CA Cal.
Colorado Colo CO Colo.
Conneticut Conn CT Conn.
Delaware Del DE Del.
District of Columbia DC DC DC
Florida Fla FL Fla.
Georgia Ga GA Ga.
Hawaii Hawaii HI Haw.
Idaho Id ID Idado
Illinois Ill IL Ill.
Indiana Ind IN Ind.
Iowa Iowa IA Iowa
Kansas Kan KS Kan.
Kentucky Ky KY Ky.
Louisiana La LA La.
Maine Me ME Me.
Maryland Md MD Md.
Massachusetts Mass MA Mass.
Michigan Mich MI Mich.
Minnesota Minn MN Minn.
Mississippi Miss MS Miss.
Missouri Mo MO Mo.
Montana Mont MT Mont.
Nebraska Neb NE Neb.
Nevada Nev NV Nev.
New Hampshire NH NH NH
New Jersey NJ NJ NJ
New Mexico N Mex NM NM
New York NY NY NY
North Carolina NC NC NC
North Dakota N Dak ND ND
Ohio Ohio OH Ohio
Oklahoma Okla OK Okla.
Oregon Or OR Or.
Pennsylvania Pa PA Pa.
Rhode Island RI RI RI
South Carolina SC SC SC
South Dakota S Dak SD SD
Tennessee Tenn TN Tenn.
Texas Tex TX Tex.
Utah Utah UT Utah
Vermont Vt VT Vt.
Virginia Va VA Va.
Washington Wash WA Wash.
West Virginia W Va WV W. Va.
Wisconsin Wis WI Wis.
Wyoming Wyo WY Wyo.