Overview of Tags


Tags (or codes) are added to Emond manuscripts by editors. During the production process the tags are converted to typesetting codes that facilitate formatting. Tags are subsequently included in manuscripts that form the basis of new editions.

In theory, tags describe only the place, function, or meaning of a text element within the structure of a manuscript. In practice, many tags, including the most common, also convey information about formatting (e.g., <TX1>, <BQ2>, <SP2>).

Tag Name Rules

  • Tags always take the form "open angle bracket, tag/style name, close angle bracket."
  • Paragraph tags are added at the beginning of paragraphs.
  • Paragraph tags are required where the tagging changes; repetitive tags can be omitted, but it is advisable to tag every paragraph, especially in manuscripts with a complicated or sophisticated design; InDesign will crash if some tagging is absent.
  • No character precedes a tag; no space follows a tag.
  • Character tags (with the exception of <en> and <em>) are not added in the editorial process; they are created and used solely in the production process.
  • Paragraph tag names consist of all-uppercase letters and, where appropriate, numbers.
  • Character tag names consist of all-lowercase letters.
  • Tag names must not contain spaces.
  • Tag names must begin with a letter.
  • Hyphens and underscores are avoided in tag names.

Example of Tag Use

<CN>Chapter One
<CT>Introduction: A Fundamental Democratic Problem
<H1>A Uniquely Canadian Problem
<TX1>The Canadian system of parliamentary government faces a fundamental problem that has been allowed to undermine Canadian democracy. ...