Quoted material that is roughly more than 40 words or 3 typeset lines should be set off from running text. Quoted material is not enclosed in double quotation marks.
For a discussion of footnote number placement in quotations, see the McGill with Footnotes page.
Obvious typographical errors are silently corrected (e.g., "statuatory" is changed to "statutory").
Grammatical or factual errors may be noted by the insertion of [sic] following the error.
Conceptual or ideological "errors" are not noted by the insertion of [sic]. For example, the use in quoted material of masculine nouns or pronouns, where masculine and feminine terms or genderless terms might be used instead, is not considered an error.
Note: the decision to insert [sic] is the author's.
Emond imposes house style on quoted material in the following areas:
- obvious typographical errors are silently corrected (e.g., "statuatory" is changed to "statutory")
- punctuation around quotation marks is standardized (e.g., periods and commas are put inside quotation marks)
- quotation marks enclosing block quotations are deleted
- single quotation marks are converted to double, where appropriate, and vice versa
- hyphens or en dashes that are used where house style would use em dashes are changed to em dashes
- the formatting of headings is standardized (i.e., removed); basic formatting is applied through coding
- inconsistent use of italics on case names, statute names, Latin terms, book titles, etc. is standardized on the quotation's prevailing style
parenthetical commas around abbreviations of judges' titles are deleted
(e.g., "Smith, J.A., stated" is changed to "Smith JA stated")
the introduction of judicial decisions is standardized in format and punctuation
(e.g., "Smith, J.A. (Orally):—This case ..." is changed to "SMITH JA (orally): This case ...)"
the use of ellipses and bullets (i.e., display ellipses) is standardized; ellipses are used for inline omissions, while bullets (<BULL>•<en>•<en>•) are used, offset and centred, to indicate the omission of one or more paragraphs
- authorial interpolations (enclosed in square brackets within the quotation) are edited to conform to house and reference style
Omissions from quoted material are indicated by an ellipsis (...). The ellipsis is not enclosed in square brackets, and is preceded and followed by a space. An ellipsis includes any omitted text: punctuation, words, in-text citations, paragraph breaks, even chapter breaks.
When the quoted material comprises two or more paragraphs and there is text omitted between the paragraphs, only one ellipsis is used and it is placed at the end of the first paragraph, even if the following paragraph, as quoted, does not begin where the original paragraph begins.
For information on the placement of ellipses in relation to punctuation marks, see the ellipses entry under Usage & Practice.
N.B. In casebooks, centred, spaced bullets (<BULL>•<en>•<en>•) are used to indicate the omission of one or more paragraphs. The presence of author interpolations does not obviate the need for bullet ellipses.
Please find attached guidelines to assist you in preparing your manuscript. Some authors are preparing a separate text and workbook. Others are preparing an integrated text/workbook.
We anticipate that most authors will use their teaching notes as the basis of their manuscript. Some authors, however, will incorporate material published by other authors. We are happy to receive either kind of manuscript.
Please find attached guidelines to assist you in preparing your manuscript. ...
Some authors ... will incorporate material published by other authors. We are happy to receive [your] kind of manuscript.
When there are ellipses in the original, indicate this with a note at the end of the quotation: “[Ellipses in original.]”
When footnotes are omitted from a quotation, indicate this at the end of the quotation with “[footnotes omitted].” Or put the note “(footnotes omitted)” after the CIT line in casebooks.
13 Supra note 9 at 85 [footnotes omitted].
When the author wants to include the footnotes from the original, quoted material, then those footnotes are placed in square brackets within the quotation. No need to place the footnotes in square brackets in the footnote section of the text.
Where the quoted material is grammatically incomplete and is meant to remain incomplete, use an ellipsis at the end of the quotation to signal incompletion. Use three ellipsis points if the author's sentence continues; use four ellipsis points if the author's sentence ends with the incomplete quotation.
The first paragraph of your letter should begin with the words "We are the solicitors ..." and the second paragraph should state the issue.
The first paragraph of your letter should begin with the words "We are the solicitors...." The second paragraph should state the issue.
Authorial and editorial changes, comments, and interpolations are enclosed in square brackets.
The defendant [Mr Brown] did not say.
If the first word following an ellipsis is lowercase in the original manuscript but is edited to be understood as the first word of a new sentence, the first letter of the word is capitalized and enclosed in square brackets.
He did not say where he was staying. ... [T]here was no way to tell where he was staying.