Lists may be continuous within text (inline lists) or set off as a series of separate paragraphs (offset lists).

Inline Lists 

Inline list items are numbered as (1), (2), (3), etc.

Offset Lists 

Offset lists may be numbered or bulleted.

Numbered Lists

See here for tagging of lists.

Numbered list items are prefixed by numbers or letters as follows:

  • First-level lists: 1., 2., 3., etc.
  • Second-level lists: a., b., c., etc.
  • Third-level lists: i., ii., iii., etc.
  • Fourth-level lists: A., B., C., etc.
  • Fifth-level lists: I., II., III., etc.

Exception: Where a list drawn from a statute, rule, regulation, or similar source closely paraphrases the original text or explains the original items in identical sequence, the numbering of the original text should be adopted (or retained).

Bulleted Lists

Second-level bulleted list items are prefixed by en dashes.

Punctuation Preceding Lists 

Be consistent with the punctuation used to introduce a list.

The following steps should be taken:
1. investigate the scene,
2. interview witnesses, and
3. write a report.
The officer in command on the scene should:
1. investigate the scene,
2. interview witnesses, and
3. write a report.

Punctuation of List Items 

There are generally two ways to punctuate lists: a more formal style with punctuation and an informal style without. Be consistent across the book unless you are using the informal style and some lists contain list items that are full sentences. In this case, using a closed punctuation style for the relevant lists only is better even though it means there is technically an inconsistency in the book.

Formal Lists (punctuated)

In this style, punctuate a list the same way you would if the list were run in to the text. Use commas if there is no punctuation within the list items; use semi-colons if there is punctuation within the list items. Use terminal punctuation (period, exclamation point, question mark) if the list items are complete sentences.

An agreement is void if:
• one (or both) of the parties does not have legal capacity to enter into a contract;
• there is no exchange of valuable consideration;
• it is illegal under statute or regulation, or at common law;
• its terms are uncertain or ambiguous;
• it is based on a fundamental mistake;
• it is no more than agreement to agree; or
• it is for the sale of land but is not in writing.
The survey of 4,500 police officers across 25 Canadian police services made the following three key findings:
  1. Physical health, family relationships, and emotional well-being were all negatively affected by work-related stressors.
  2. The average police officer works longer hours than most Canadians, averaging 53.5 hours per week.
  3. Rotating shifts make it difficult to maintain healthy routines.

Informal Lists (mostly unpunctuated)

Sometimes, a book will tend toward a more informal style, in which case unpunctuated lists may be favoured. This can be the case if many lists are simple, and made up of list items with only a few words. Use the informal style consistently throughout the text, except where the list items are full sentences—in those cases, use a formal punctuation style.

In the informal style, the first letter should be lowercase and there is no punctuation after each list item except the last item, which has a period to end the sentence.

The following are typical symptoms of a person in crisis:
• personality changes
• feeling overwhelmed by everyday life
• irritability
• difficulty making decisions
• nightmares
• increased fatigue
• excessive use of sick leave
• diminished job performance
• alcohol or other drug abuse
• change in level of talkativeness (more talkative or less talkative)
• change in appetite
• loss of trust.